Ampel plants: planting and care, types of indoor and garden
Each person has his own idea of what a garden should be. There have been cases when customers rejected the beautiful designs of the most expensive landscape designers for the sake of an unpretentious landscape with lush bushes and flowers growing randomly. Others love the perfect order and severity of forms, while others collect all sorts of types and colors.
Today there are so many annual garden plants that it is sometimes difficult for even experienced gardeners to make a choice. A separate, privileged place among this abundance is occupied by ampelous plants - the elite of garden floriculture.
Ampel plants - what is it
Ampel plants, or ampels, are flowers grown in hanging flowerpots, pots, pots or baskets. Ampel - this is what the Germans call hanging flower vases, and the word comes from the Latin ampulla, which means "small bottle". Any plant can be grown in a hanging container, but falling or creeping shoots look more beautiful than other flowers. Both garden and indoor plants can be ampelous, and shrubs grown as ampels have become popular recently. Ampels are used for zoning rooms, framing door or window openings, decorating terraces, verandas, balconies and gazebos, as well as creating flower arrangements in gardens and as ground cover plants. Ampels can be beautifully flowering, and decorative-deciduous, there are succulents among them. We will introduce you to the most striking representatives of ampelous plants.
Beautiful flowering ampelous plants
The queen of suspended structures is rightfully considered to be ampelous petunia, or cascade. It is a flowering plant used to decorate homes, balconies, terraces and gardens. It was imported from South America, so it can withstand heat well. In areas where the average annual temperature does not drop below 10 ºC, with proper care, petunia can grow continuously.
Petunia blooms with bright beautiful funnel-shaped flowers with a diameter of 6 to 10 cm.Over the years of its existence in culture, ampelous petunias have undergone a lot of transformations, as a result of which hybrid varieties and whole series have been bred, distinguished by their endurance and resistance to adverse conditions.
Petunia varieties are divided into several species groups:
- surfinia - These plants are characterized by fast growth, good branching, rich color shades, abundant flowering and weather resistance. Popular surfinias are Lime, White, Sky Blue, Red, Blue, Pastel 2000, Pink Vien, Baby Pink, Giant Purple, Double Purple and others;
- tumblers Is a trademark owned by the Japanese company Suntory. This variety is represented by small double flowers with dark veins. The best varieties of tumblers are Cherry Ripple, Priscilla, Suzanne, Belinda, Melissa and others;
- supertunia - this series of varieties was created by the Japanese breeding company Sakata. Supertunias are so similar to surfini that only specialists can distinguish them. Among the varieties are Royal Magenta, Lavender Morne, Blushing Princess, Royal Velvet and Mystic Pink;
- conchita - This variety of petunia resembles calibrachoa. It includes both varieties with simple flowers (Evening Glow, Blossom White, Blueberry Frost, Summer Don, Strawberry Frost), and five varieties with double flowers - Velvet, Pink, Blue, Lavender and White;
- Wonderwave, or fortune - these ampelous flowers can be propagated not only vegetatively, but also by seeds. The diameter of the flowers of this group is from 5 to 7 cm, and the color is represented by the following shades: pink (Pink), pale pink (Pearly), salmon (Saman), dark crimson (Purple), pink-crimson (Rosie), violet (Blue ) and lilac pink (Lavender).
Sow seeds of ampelous petunia in late January or early February. The seeds and soil for these flowers are best purchased at the store. The soil should be moist, the seeds are laid out on its surface, the crops are covered with glass and kept in a bright place at a temperature of 25-26 ºC, ventilating them and moistening the soil as needed. As soon as shoots appear, the glass can be removed, watering is cut so that the seedlings do not rot, and when a pair of real leaves appear, the seedlings dive into the cups. For the first month, the seedlings grow very slowly, since they expend all their energy on the development of the root system, but then the growth becomes more intense. Care for petunia seedlings is described in detail in the article already posted on the site.
Ampelous begonia has recently become very popular - one of the most attractive plants. Everything is beautiful in it - and asymmetric leaves, and the splendor of flowering, and color, and a variety of forms, and unpretentiousness in care. Begonia came to Europe from South America, India, Asia and Africa in the 17th century. The botanist C. Plumier, who visited the islands near South America with an expedition, found and described several species of begonia, and this plant was named in honor of the organizer of this expedition, M. Begon. In total, more than 1000 species of begonias were discovered, but 130 of them formed the basis for crop selection. Popularity came to begonias in the 19th century. Today there are many varieties and varieties of begonias, including ampelous ones.
Begonia propagates by cuttings and tubers, but in cases with some varieties, the only possible method of propagation is seed. For sowing begonia seeds, you need a neutral or slightly acidic soil, consisting of sand (1 part), turf (1 part) and leafy (4 parts) soil. Before sowing, the seeds are washed and calcined in the oven for 20-30 minutes - this will protect them from mold. Sowing begonia is carried out in late December or early January.
How ampel tuberous begonia is grown - an annual plant up to 60 cm high with decorative leaves and large flowers reaching 15 cm in diameter. Flowers can be simple or double, they do not fade for a long time and have a pleasant sour taste. Yes, the flowers of tuberous begonia are edible. Of the varieties of this variety, the illumination series begonias with a high growth rate are very popular: a variety with white double flowers White and a variety with apricot double flowers Epricot Shades Impruvd. Varieties of the Nonstop series, which are intended for growing in the shade, are also in demand. This series consists of 9 hybrids: Red (with red flowers), Apple Blossom (with white-pink flowers), Deep Rose (with dark pink flowers), Pink (with pink flowers), Yellow Vis Red Back (with bright yellow flowers ), Yellow (with yellow flowers), Deep Samen (with salmon flowers) and Orange (with red-orange flowers).
They are grown as ampel and hanging begonia - a plant up to 50 cm high with simple or double flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. The most popular varieties of hanging begonia are Pikoti and Cascade.
Bolivian begonia is suitable for growing in the open sun, the first shoots of which grow upward, and the subsequent ones hang down, forming a picturesque cascade. The most famous of this variety is Santa Cruz, which has good seed germination and resistance to wind, rain and drought.
The Chanson series is very popular, which includes varieties with white, yellow, salmon, pink, copper, bright red, dark red, vanilla yellow, two-color pink-white and orange-yellow flowers.
Lobelia belongs to the genus of herbaceous shrubs, as well as annuals and perennials of the Kolokolchikovye family. There are more than four hundred species in the genus, distributed mainly in the subtropical zone, although some representatives of the genus grow in regions with a temperate climate. The plant was named after the Dutch botanist Matthias de L'Obel. Species such as lobelia bloated or Indian tobacco are used as medicinal plants. Lobelia officinalis contains alkaloids and other useful elements that help to cope with attacks of bronchial asthma, newborn asphyxia, drug poisoning, heat and sunstroke. Lobelia is an excellent antioxidant that removes toxins and toxins from the body.
About 20 types of lobelia are grown in the culture. Some of them are ampelous annuals. Lobelia ampelous has an angular-branched hanging stem of a reddish hue up to half a meter long, small shiny elongated leaves and small double-lipped flowers can be blue, blue, purple, white or purple in color. There are no red, yellow and orange varieties of lobelia.
Ampel lobelia is sown in loose nutritious soil that does not contain fresh manure or humus. Seed propagation of lobelia involves the use of both seedling and non-seedling methods. It is better to sow seeds for seedlings in separate peat pots, although you can simply use paper bags for this. Sowing dates are from February to March. Seeds germinate in the light, therefore they are not buried in the soil, and the crops, covered with glass or film, are kept in a warm (about 20 ºC), well-lit place. As needed, the topsoil is sprayed from a sprayer. Seeds germinate very slowly, but when the seedlings get stronger, after hardening procedures, they are divided into bushes and planted in a permanent place. The best varieties of ampelous lobelia are Sapphire, Blue Fountain and Red Cascade.
Pelargonium ampelous, or pelargonium ivy, or pelargonium thyroid belongs to the genus of the Geranium family. In the wild, pelargonium grows in South Africa, so it easily tolerates drought and does not winter outdoors. The hanging branches of ivy geranium can reach a length of 1 m, its leaves, unlike the leaves of ordinary pelargonium, are not soft and fluffy, but dense and smooth. Flowers can be cactus or star-shaped and form umbellate inflorescences up to 8 cm in diameter, located on long peduncles. In one inflorescence there can be up to 30 simple or double flowers of white, pink, lilac or purple hue. Flowers can be monochromatic, two-colored, with strokes, spots or borders.
Pelargonium grows best in the sun, tolerates drought normally, and if its seedlings were hardened before planting, then even short-term cold snaps are not afraid of it. However, extreme conditions affect the decorativeness of the plant, so it is advisable to keep it in the summer at a temperature of 20-25 ºC, and the optimal winter temperature for pelargonium is 12-15 ºC. Pelargonium is sown in early spring in moisture-consuming, loose and nutritious soil, laid on top of the drainage layer. Crops are kept at a temperature of 19-20 ºC. There are about 70 varieties of ivy-leaved pelargonium, but the most popular are Amethyst with semi-double and double purple-crimson flowers, Bernardo with bright red flowers resembling roses, Chiffon with huge double flowers of a light pink-lilac shade, Ice Rose with very large pink flowers , Laylack Rose with large pink-lilac double flowers, pink-shaped, as well as varieties Rhodonite, Mov Beauty, Marlene, Vicky, Viva Carolina, Tornado Rose and many others.
Violet, or viola - a plant of the Violet family. According to various sources, from 500 to 700 species of viola are known, as well as many varieties of this plant, among which there are ampels. One of the first varieties of ampelous viola is Plentifol - a cold-resistant plant with strongly branching long shoots dotted with flowers. Viola ampelous is a spherical bush up to 20 cm high, covered with fragrant flowers with a diameter of 4-5 cm. The leaves of the plant are narrow, oval or ovoid. Shoots grow vertically at first, but as they grow, they begin to fall. The length of viola shoots, depending on the variety, is from 30 to 75 cm. With good care, flowering lasts from spring to frost.
Growing ampel violets is no different from growing garden viola. With a one-year cycle, the ampel is sown in February-March, and if you manage to organize artificial lighting for the plant, then you can sow earlier. With a two-year culture, the ampelous viola is sown at the end of June. The soil for viola seedlings should be loose and nutritious, well-drained, neutral or slightly acidic. We described the procedure for sowing and caring for viola seedlings in a separate article, which has already been posted on the website. When replanting seedlings to a permanent place, do not forget that, as they grow up, they will begin to bush strongly, so do not plant them too close to each other. They have a flowering viola in partial shade or shade. Popular ampel viola varieties are Violet Wing, Golden Yellow, Lavender Blue, Plenty Fall Rain Purple, Rain Frosty, Wonderful, Penny Deep Marine and others.
Bacopa ampelous, or sutera, appeared in our gardens and apartments quite recently, but in Europe this plant has been known and loved for a long time. The genus Bacopa belongs to the Norichnikov family, has about 100 species, most of which are used for aquariums. In nature, representatives of the genus grow in tropical and subtropical regions of America, and ampelous bacopa grows in southern Africa. This is an unpretentious plant with small bright green leaves, located in pairs on shoots from 30 to 60 cm long, which are pinched to enhance bushiness. Small white, blue or pink flowers of Bacopa bloom in the axils of the leaves. Under good conditions, flowering occurs in waves: after a violent flowering, a decline occurs, and then the formation of flowers resumes with renewed vigor.
Bacopa is unpretentious, but it will take knowledge and experience to grow it from seeds. To grow seedlings, containers with transparent walls are needed - the light penetrating through them will accelerate seed germination. Before sowing, the seedling soil is sterilized for four hours in the oven at 100 ºC, then it is allowed to cool, the surface is compacted, a layer of snow 3 cm thick is placed on it, pressed down, bacopa seeds are spread over the snow and the container is covered with glass or foil. Contain crops on a light windowsill at a temperature of 20 ºC. After two to three weeks, the seeds will germinate, and when the seedlings develop three leaves, they are dived into peat cups with a diameter of 5 cm, and after 2-3 weeks the seedlings are planted in pots.
The best varieties of ampelous bacopa are Karolinska, Snowtopia, Blutopia, Giant Snowflake, Olympic Gold, Snowstorm Blue, Scorpia Double Blue, Pink Domino, Blue Form, Efriken Sunset and others.
Verbena ampelous is also a popular plant that is grown in annual crops. In the wild, verbena is distributed over most of Eurasia and South America. The stems of the plant reach a length of 60 cm. The leaves are simple, dense and pubescent. Flowers are collected in 30-50 pieces in terminal scutes or panicles. The color of the flowers can be purple, white, yellow, cream, pink, salmon, blue or red, solid or with a white eye in the center. Flowering lasts from June to November.
Celtic legend says that a love potion was prepared from the verbena root, which aroused passion, drove away evil spirits and reconciled sworn enemies. The medicinal properties of verbena have long been known - with its flowers they treated abscesses and scrofula, relieved headaches.
Verbena seeds, stratified for 4-5 days in the vegetable section of the refrigerator, are sown in March in boxes with light humus soil, sand or perlite, and sprinkled with a thin layer of humus on top. The crops are covered with glass and kept at a temperature of 18-20 ºC, regularly ventilating and removing condensation from the glass. Seeds will germinate in 3-4 weeks. At the stage of development in seedlings of two pairs of leaves, the seedlings dive in separate pots, and after another 2-3 weeks they are planted in a permanent place.
The best varieties of ampelous verbena are the Snow Queen, Image, Quartz, Tuscany Aztec.
Fuchsia is a perennial plant of the Fireweed family native to South America and New Zealand, numbering about 100 species. In nature, these are evergreen shrubs or small trees. Fuchsia came to Europe at the very end of the 17th century, but was described by Karl Linnaeus only in 1753. Fuchsia ampelous was bred by breeders not so long ago, but very quickly gained popularity among amateur flower growers and landscape designers.
There are simple, semi-double and double types of fuchsia with red, purple, pink, white and crimson flowers. Drooping single or collected in inflorescences fuchsia flowers, similar to lanterns, open from spring to frost. The fuchsia flower consists of a corolla and a tube-shaped cup with four far-bent and pointed sepals. The leaves of the plant are oval, on long petioles, located opposite or collected in whorls. Young plant stems have a reddish tint.
The ampelous fuchsia attracts not only with its beauty, but also with its unpretentiousness. It can be grown in pots, shaped like a bush or a standard tree. Fuchsia is propagated by cuttings and seeds, but to obtain seeds at home, the plant will have to be pollinated artificially. It is easier to resort to fuchsia cuttings or purchase seeds from the store. Popular varieties include:
- Holiz Beauty - variety with white flowers;
- Southgate and Pink Galor - fuchsia with pink flowers;
- Swingtime - variety with red and white flowers;
- Sir Matt Busby - white and pink fuchsia;
- Marinka and Bysentaniel - varieties with red flowers;
- Dark Eyes and Maori Maid - red-purple fuchsias.
Impatient, or impatiens belongs to the genus of flowering plants of the Balsamin family, which includes about 500 plant species, growing mainly in the Northern Hemisphere. In room culture, impatiens has been known for a very long time - since 1590. People call him a wet vanka, a light and an ever-flowering one. Ampelous impatiens, or ampelous balsam, is an extremely popular plant, since it can be grown both in the house and in the garden.
The leaves of the impatiens are usually whole and shiny, the stems are branched and succulent, the flowers are large, single, simple or double, located at the ends of the stems. Balsam grows best in partial shade.
Waller balsam hybrids are suitable for growing from seeds. Sowing for seedlings is done one hundred days before the seedlings are planted in a permanent place, around mid-March. Seeds are sown into soil consisting of peat, vermiculite, sand and compost or leafy soil. Both the soil and the sowing container are treated with a fungicide, and the seeds are etched in a solution of potassium permanganate, and then rinsed with warm water. The seeds are laid out on the surface of a moist soil, slightly pressed into it, sprinkled with a thin layer of sand, covered with foil and kept in a bright place at a temperature of 22-25 ºC. The cover is removed gradually as the seedlings emerge. At the stage of development of three leaves, the seedlings are dived into separate pots, and the seedlings are planted in a permanent place with the onset of stable heat. The most common varieties of balsam in culture are:
- varieties of the Tumbler series with flowers 4-5 cm in diameter in such colors: White (white), Rose (pink), Violet Star (dark pink with white stripes from the center to the middle of the petals), Rose Star (pink with white stripes from the center to the middle of the petals), Scarlet (red), Samen (salmon);
- Waller series varieties with double flowers with a diameter of 4-5 cm in such colors: Coral Pink (red), Apple Blossom (white on the outside and pale pink on the inside), Red Flash (red with white specks).
Katarantus, or pink periwinkle, or cayenne jasmine, or lochner - a genus of evergreen dwarf shrubs, as well as herbaceous annuals and perennials of the Kutrov family, which includes seven species growing in Madagascar, and one from India and Sri Lanka. These are plants containing poisonous alkaloids, from which a medicine for leukemia is produced.
Outwardly, the catharanthus is very similar to the periwinkle, so at first it was placed by scientists in this genus, but then botanists became convinced that the periwinkle and the catharanthus are not so close relatives, and singled out the catharanthus as a separate genus.
Branching in the upper part of the stems of the catharanthus reach a length of 60 cm, the shiny opposite sessile entire leaves of the plant with a white median vein have an oblong-lanceolate shape and are colored dark green. Pink five-membered flowers up to 3 cm in diameter with a wheel-like corolla sit in the axils of the upper leaves. The ampelous catharanthus appeared as a result of breeding work begun in the USA in 1970.
Catharanthus is propagated by cuttings and seeds. Sowing is carried out in February or March. A wet mixture of peat, turf, leafy soil and humus in equal parts is used as a substrate for seedlings. The seeds are placed in grooves 1.5 cm deep, sealed, the crops are covered with an opaque film and kept at a temperature of 23-25 ºC. In ten days, seedlings will begin to appear, and when their germination becomes massive, the film is removed, and the container is moved to the light. Transplanting the catharanthus to a permanent place is carried out when the seedlings reach a height of 7-9 cm.
The most famous varieties of ampelous catharanthus are:
- Peppermint Cooler - white flowers of this variety have a red center;
- Grape Cooler - a plant with pink flowers;
- First Kiss - compact plants with stems up to 35 cm long in 10 different shades;
- Albus - a variety with absolutely white flowers;
- Ocellatus - white flowers with a red center;
- Parasol - very large white flowers with a red center.
Diastia bearded - a species of the genus Diascia of the family Norichnikovaceae native to South Africa. This is a plant with long lashes, on which grow small, glossy, opposite, linear, dark green and ovoid leaflets serrated along the edges. Small white, pink, apricot or salmon flowers, similar to snapdragons and reaching a diameter of 1.5 cm, greatly adorn the plant. Abundant flowering of diastia occurs in several waves from June to frost - the plant is able to withstand temperatures down to -8 ºC. In the summer heat, bearded diastia tolerates a lack of moisture more easily than other ampels.
Diastia is propagated by cuttings and the seed method. It is sown for seedlings in February or March, the crops are covered with glass and kept at a temperature of 16-18 ºC. Seedlings begin to appear in two weeks. Grown up seedlings must be pinched to enhance branching. As soon as the seedlings grow up, after hardening procedures, they are planted in permanent containers with fertile, moisture-permeable, loose soil.
They use diagonal not only for suspended structures, but also for decorating curbs, garden paths and platforms. The most famous diastia varieties are Pink Queen, Ruby Field, Epricot Queen and Saman Queen.
Decorative leafy ampelous plants
This plant belongs to the Bindweed family. In nature, around subtropical swamps and in other humid places, about 10 species of this plant grow, and dichondra comes from New Zealand, America and East Asia. In culture, it is grown as an ampel.
Dichondra ampelous - an evergreen creeping plant with superficial roots, forming a dense carpet on the ground. The length of its shoots can reach one and a half meters. They have small rounded green or silvery leaves that look like small coins. The plant blooms with inconspicuous and dull purple flowers. Dichondra is grown not only in suspended structures or as a ground cover plant - it is also used for vertical gardening.
The plant is propagated by stem cuttings and the seed method. Dichondra seedlings are sown in January-March. The substrate should be moist, slightly acidic, loose and nutritious. The seeds are barely covered with earth, after which the crops are placed under a film and kept at a temperature of 22-24 ºC, keeping the soil moist. Seedlings may appear in a week, but they grow very slowly. Dichondra is transplanted to a permanent place after a month and a half.
In culture, two varieties of dichondra are grown:
- Emerald Falls - a plant with green leaves;
- Silver Falls - dichondra with silvery foliage.
Chlorophytum Is one of the most popular indoor plants in the world because it does not create any hassle. Chlorophytum with green leaves was introduced to Europe from South Africa. Now in culture, mainly varieties with two-colored leaves are grown. Regardless of the variety, all plants of this species have long peduncles-whiskers with panicles of small white flowers, which are replaced by rosette babies with aerial roots. Chlorophytum is no more than 15-20 cm in height, but its leaves sometimes reach a length of 60 cm.
Chlorophytum reproduces by children, which, without separating from the mother plant, root, and these rosettes can be separated from the adult chlorophytum when they have their own leaves.
Chlorophytum is grown mainly in room culture, but in the summer it can be taken out in a hanging basket on the balcony, to decorate a terrace or veranda with it. Most often, crested chlorophytum, or bunchy, as well as Cape, winged and Laxum chlorophytums are grown.
Today, in almost every apartment and in the offices of self-respecting firms, you can see ficus. There are a lot of varieties of ficus, but recently the creeping ficus, or dwarf, which is home to Japan and China, has become increasingly popular. The creeping ficus is a shrub with gracefully twisting shoots, supplied with additional roots. The leaves of this variety are short petiolate, heart-shaped, rough, wrinkled, covered with a mesh pattern. Usually they reach a length of 2-3 cm, but sometimes grow up to 10. Ficus flowers are axillary racemose inflorescences. In the manner of branching, the creeping ficus resembles a liana - its additional roots, in search of food, easily penetrate into pots to other flowers. On the underside of the stem, the ficus has suction cups, with which it can stick to any surface.
Creeping ficus is grown in aquariums, as a ground cover crop for large containers with erect plants, as well as ampel in hanging baskets and pots, which can be on a balcony, terrace or veranda from spring to autumn. The creeping ficus needs constant spraying of the leaves and frequent watering.
Ficus dwarf macrophylla differs in larger leaves than the main form, and in the ficus of the dwarf minima, the leaves reach a length of only 7 mm. The leaves of the quartzifolia variety are similar to those of oak, and in plants, the forms of avkotsang syconia are more elongated. Of the varieties, the most popular are White Sunny with a wide light border on the leaves, Sunny with a broken border around the edges, Dort - a plant with golden blotches on leaf plates, Golden Heart - a ficus with golden yellow leaves, Karley with wavy curly foliage, and Variegata and Snowflake - variegated forms of creeping ficus.
In addition to dwarf ficus, rooting ficus is popular as an ampelous plant - a low-growing shrub with creeping and climbing shoots with adventitious roots, originally from the tropical forests and savannas of India. The leaves of this ficus are dark green, dense, oblong-ovate, up to 7 cm long and up to 4 cm wide, pointed at the top and with a notch at the base. The underside of the leaves is rough.
In culture, the most popular variety is the rooting variegat ficus with a creamy white pattern along the edge of the leaves.
Asparagus is not an ornamental deciduous plant in its pure form, since its pretty, fragrant white flowers also have decorative properties. And the fruits of asparagus - bright red round peas - look very attractive. In total, asparagus has about 300 species, but few of them are grown in culture - Sprenger's asparagus, or dense-flowered, as well as common asparagus, pinnate, asparagus and the finest. These ampelous asparagus are so unpretentious in their care that they can be recommended even for novice growers.
Asparagus reproduce by cuttings, dividing roots and seeds (during primary cultivation). Seed propagation is complicated by the fact that the seed very quickly loses its germination capacity. Sow fresh seeds between January and March. The best substrate for asparagus is a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts. Asparagus seedlings are grown, like any other. The temperature of the content is 20-23 ºC. It will take a long time to wait for seedlings, sometimes about one and a half months.
The flower of the saxifrage is sprouting, or wicker, belongs to the genus of the Saxifrag family, in which there are more than 400 species. The plant is native to Japan and China, where it grows in rock crevices. In nature, the saxifrage is a ground cover plant, but in room culture it is grown as an ampel. The stalk of the saxifrage is reddish, curly, whisker-shaped, with hanging aerial roots. The leaves are pubescent, rounded, collected in a rosette, green with white ornamentation on top and in numerous red dots on the underside of the plate. Small pink flowers of the plant form a loose brush on a long peduncle. The scapular saxifrage looks very impressive in a pots.
This type of saxifrage reproduces by children, like chlorophytum. They are planted in a mixture of sand, leafy and sod land (1: 3: 1), and separated from the mother plant as soon as they take root.
Hang the pots with a saxifrage in a bright place, otherwise the pattern on its leaves becomes expressionless.
Zebrina, or hanging tradescantia, got its name from the color of the leaves - with green, pale green, white, red or silver stripes. This grassy ampel looks great in suspended structures that can be taken out into the fresh air for the summer, decorating terraces, gazebos and verandas with it. Delicate branches of the plant hang from flowerpots, forming a striped waterfall.
Zebrin propagates by apical cuttings in a moist substrate or in water. The plant is so unpretentious that even beginners can cope with its cultivation. Zebrin leaves look great in bright light, but in partial shade and shade, their color loses contrast. The optimum temperature for a plant is 18-25 ºC in summer and 12-15 ºC in winter.
Ampel flowers care
Conditions of detention
Most of the ampelous plants are photophilous and need direct sunlight for at least 4-5 hours a day. In the shade, ampels grow poorly, while stretching and looking painful. Violets, pelargonias, petunias grow well in the sun, while lobelias and begonias prefer light partial shade. In the shade, begonias, balsam, fuchsias and zebrins can be grown.
Caring for flowers in a hanging basket consists of regular watering and feeding, carried out once every two weeks.In order to make it easier for yourself to care for the ampels, a certain amount of peat and sphagnum moss is placed in a basket or flowerpot, which can be replaced with coconut fiber - these materials absorb moisture into themselves, and then slowly give it to the plants.
Growing ampelous plants from seeds loses its meaning if it is possible to propagate them vegetatively. The fact is that the generative method takes a lot of time and effort, and any of the vegetative methods is much easier to execute.
The growing lashes of ampels must be cut off. Depending on the purpose, pruning can be sanitary, rejuvenating, supportive and formative. If some amateurs completely do without the formation of ampels, then any plant requires sanitary pruning: dry or diseased, affected by disease or tissue pests, must be removed without fail, otherwise neighboring shoots may get sick.
Slow-growing ampels do not need rejuvenating pruning, but those plants whose shoots grow quickly, for example, zebrin, balsam and pelargonium, need it: the stems of these plants are stretched, their lower part is exposed, and it looks ugly. Such plants are pruned either in the fall, before the onset of the dormant period, or in the spring, at the very beginning of growth. In autumn, shoots are only shortened, and in spring they are cut to the base or 2/3 of the length, leaving hemp 5-7 cm high. Cut back watering, protect it from direct sunlight, and spray it often. To build up a new vegetative mass, fertilizers are applied to the soil.
Formative pruning is used if you want to give the plant any special shape. Formation is usually carried out in the spring, combining it with a transplant. Since the cut off ground part of the plant will consume less water and nutrition, it makes sense to shorten the roots of the ampel when transplanting.
Maintenance pruning is carried out after the plant has already formed: you simply prune off the shoots, the growth of which violates the shape given to the ampel.
Support for ampelous plants
Since the plants that form the dangling shoots are unable to support the weight of the leaves on their own, many of them need support - at least those that are grown in conventional rather than hanging containers. It is better to install the supports either at the beginning of growth, or during the transplant of the ampel, so as not to injure the root system of the plant. The main requirements for supporting structures are stability and invisibility. As a support, you can use straight or arched posts, lattices, nets and stretched threads.
Bamboo supports are considered the best, since they are in harmony with the plant and are well masked by foliage. For the formation of plants that form aerial roots, supports covered with moss are suitable. Large vines are well supported by ladder supports. Flowering plants look spectacular in metal or plastic arches.
Scourges of plants, if you form a bush from them, are tied to a support with a flexible and durable material that reliably fixes and does not injure the shoots. For heavy, powerful lashes, plastic-coated metal wire is used, shoots of medium-sized plants can be attached to the support with paper twine and pieces of yarn made of natural material that match the color of the support or plant.
Pots for ampelous plants
To create beautiful hanging compositions, the following containers are used:
- hanging basket. Flowers planted in it can be placed in the garden, on the balcony, porch, on the terrace. Blooming ampels in a basket look very attractive, and if you hang the basket with transparent fishing line, you can create the impression of a plant floating in the air, in addition, it will be able to release its shoots through holes in its walls, thus forming a blooming ball. An insert made of peat, coconut fiber or felt is inserted into the basket with large cells, but you can instead lay out the walls of the basket with a layer of wet moss 1.5-2 cm thick.When choosing a fastener for the basket, keep in mind that its weight after watering is 5-8 kg;
- pots. If you are going to hang the plant, then the planter should be lightweight, preferably plastic. You can make a planter for asparagus from a cord or rope, or use galvanized or painted buckets as a planter;
- pots. On sale you can find plastic pots with a tray attached to them for draining excess water. The disadvantage of pots is that aesthetically they are not perfect, and it is not always possible to disguise them with plant shoots. However, the pot is technically quite acceptable capacity;
- wooden boxes. Wooden boxes are suitable for decorating balconies, especially if you give them an attractive look. The boxes are fixed behind the balcony, they are usually filled with plastic containers or pots of suitable size, in which ampels grow;
- containers. Instead of wooden boxes, you can use plastic containers: you can fill them with soil and plant ampel plants in it, or you can put ampel pots in the container.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Information about Garden Plants
Sections: Garden Plants
CHLOROPHYTUM (Chlorophytum) is a genus of herbaceous plants of the Liliaceae family, with drooping linear, less often broad-linear or lanceolate stems, uniformly colored green or striped. A number of authors attribute it to the Agave family.
Chlorophytum is grown as decorative ampelous plants. It is very popular and widespread in indoor floriculture, since chlorophytums are easily overgrown with rapidly rooting "babies". They are planted in hanging containers.
According to various sources, this genus contains about 200-250 species, common in the subtropical and tropical regions of South America, Africa, about. Madagascar, South Asia and Australia. As an epiphyte, chlorophytum settles on trees in the forks of branches, becomes fixed in cracks in the bark, and is an important component of the forest cover.
The name of the genus means: "chloros" - "green" and "phyton" - "plant", which is why it is called "green plant". In everyday life it has a name - "spider", "green lily" "bride's veil". The chlorophytum plant is also called "viviparous corolla", "flying Dutchman". Chlorophytum flowers are small white stars at the ends of long shoots, which then turn into leafy rosettes with aerial roots.
The first species of this genus, originating from South Africa, were first described in 1794, and in the second half of the 19th century, chlorophytums were imported to Europe, where they immediately became extremely popular. Representatives of the genus are now widely distributed in the tropical regions of the globe, as a result of which it is difficult to accurately quantify the species included in this genus.
It is believed that the capabilities of the plant are not fully understood. With regular watering, a home flower humidifies the dry air of our apartments and offices, and also absorbs formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and releases phytoncides. Has a significant bactericidal effect. Scientists have found that chlorophytum plant can destroy about 80% of pathogens in the immediate vicinity of the plant in a day. Interestingly, the cleansing properties of chlorophytum are noticeably enhanced when you put activated charcoal in flower pots.
Description and features of lobelia
Delicate, vibrant flowers and lush bushes are characteristic. Various heights up to 10-70 cm. In Russia, they are grown without greenhouses, mainly in the middle lane. She pleases others with her long flowering throughout the summer. Lobelia forms lush rugs that give a kind of charm to the garden, therefore it is used as a ground cover plant. Small beautiful flowers stand out brightly on the green foliage, and in their appearance they resemble a hat. It can be compared to a bell or forget-me-not.
Before freezing, plants are sometimes transplanted into containers and stored during the cold season. In winter, development is practically not observed, but re-planting in the garden will give more lush flowering. The differences between the varieties are the height and shape of the bush, a variety of colors: white, blue, pink, purple, red and many others. There are inflorescences with two shades, where the second is usually located in the center and resembles an eye.
Ampel plants: planting and care, types of indoor and garden plants - garden and vegetable garden
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In cooking, Mitsuna is used in the same way as arugula. These herbs even taste similar. Personally, I add mitsuna to fresh vegetable and fruit salads. I decorate the first and second courses with it. It goes well with fish and stewed vegetables. Once I was going to cook sushi with seaweed, but it was not in the refrigerator. So I boiled Mitsuna instead of seaweed. Sushi with her turned out to be even tastier.
In the refrigerator, the herb is stored if wrapped in plastic wrap for about a week. For the winter, greens can be dried, salted, pickled.