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Lapageria

Lapageria


Lapageria (Lapageria rosea) is quite rare in flower shops or even in large botanical and park complexes. Basically, this representative of the flora lives only in the natural environment. To begin with, let's figure out how this representative of the Filesian differs from other creeping dwarf shrubs.

At the first acquaintance with Lapageria, lovely bell-shaped inflorescences are striking. It takes a lot of effort to grow a beautiful and healthy flower. The culture is considered very capricious and reacts quickly to the slightest changes related to conditions of detention. In the wild, it can only be found in the countries of the Southern Hemisphere.

Lapageria, or Chilean liana, will be a wonderful decoration for any apartment. However, before you get such a green "pet", you need to familiarize yourself with the fit and care rules.

It will be difficult to find an adult bush, so you will have to start seed-growing crops. Below we will dwell in more detail on the seeding stages.

Sowing

The seed material of the Chilean vine is pre-soaked in warm water. While the seeds are swelling and saturated with moisture, they begin to prepare the soil. A light and loose substrate is chosen, which is filled with a container for planting. The seeds are spread in a thin layer over the ground and pressed lightly. The embedment depth is no more than 1 cm.

To speed up germination, the container is covered with foil, creating greenhouse conditions for the seedlings. As a rule, young shoots appear in 1.5 months after the seeds are in the soil. Plants do not bloom right away either. This usually takes about 3 years from the date of sowing. Despite the long and painstaking process, the result will exceed all expectations.

Growing tips

It should be remembered that Lapagheria is a finicky plant. Spraying the leaves is repeated every day. The room where the flowerpot is located is regularly ventilated. Every year, the bushes are transplanted into a more spacious pot, since the culture has a powerful rhizome. The root system quickly grows in size and fills the free space inside the flowerpot.

In addition to transplanting, it is important to remember about watering and feeding. Fertilization is especially important during the transition to the flowering phase, since a lot of effort is expended on the formation of inflorescences.

The stable development of lapageria is ensured by observing the rules of care. If you pay little attention to the flower, serious problems arise, up to the death of the plant.

Location and lighting

Chilean liana grows well in bright and spacious rooms that are well lit by the sun during the day. Leaving the flowerpot in direct sunlight at noon is not recommended. The optimal location for a lapageria is the semi-shaded corners in the apartment.

The plant is preferable to grow in an apartment, but it is also allowed to take out flowerpots to fresh air. Lapagheria feels good on the veranda, balcony, where direct scorching rays are not directed at it. In the garden, it is better to place the bush in the shade of trees, where there is a slight coolness in the summer. Here, the culture will be able to bloom annually and receive the necessary nutrients directly from the soil.

Temperature

The flower of the Lapagheria tolerates hot summer days calmly. There are no strict temperature restrictions. With the arrival of winter, it is better to rearrange the bush on the veranda or in another room where the air temperature does not exceed 15 ° C.

Watering

Water the vine as the soil dries up in the pot. The signal for watering is the formation of a thin dry crust on the soil surface. Air with low humidity is contraindicated for Lapageria seedlings, therefore foliage is sprayed with settled water at least once a day. It is better to purchase a spray bottle in advance. Use only soft water. The containers with water are preliminarily defended at room temperature. The most ideal option is to water the flower with filtered water.

Top dressing

Without nutrients, the flowering of lapagheria will be scarce or even stop altogether. Chilean liana is fed during the active growth of vegetative terrestrial parts. This happens, as a rule, in the first half of the year. Special complex mineral additives are used as fertilizers. They are sold at any flower shop. The frequency of fertilization is 1 time per week.

Thin and fragile processes resemble a creeping vine. They are very easy to damage. Even in perennial plants, the ground part is not exposed to desalinization. To prevent the stems from breaking, support posts are installed. The strengthened processes are tied to the support in advance.

Pruning

Despite the slow growth of the Chilean liana, after a few years, it is able to reach up to 2 meters in height. If you do not take care of strengthening the frame in advance, the stems will begin to deform under their own weight. Shoots will not break if you build a reliable support under them.

The garter and support posts guarantee the formation of a slender bush with a lush crown. Another secret is to periodically pinch the longest stems. Then the plant will develop evenly.

Lapagheria needs a regular haircut. As a result, the bush is updated. Dried and old leaves are removed to allow new greenery to grow. Pruning helps maintain the overall health of the seedling.

Flowering period

The flowering of the Chilean liana cannot be predicted. Flowers can be born in both summer and winter. The timing of budding depends on the conditions of detention and compliance with the rules of care. Only in this case, the efforts of the owners will be rewarded, and beautiful flowers will appear against the backdrop of greenery.

The lapageria flower multiplies in different ways. A more reliable way is seed growing. Some florists use cuttings or root cuttings.

Only young and healthy stems are suitable for rooting, which are tilted down and carefully secured with wire. The area of ​​contact between the soil and the layering is sprinkled with a small amount of earth. In this position, the layers are left until the roots appear. The process is quite long. Rooting ends in a few months. However, it is not recommended to immediately separate the rooted layers. This is resorted to only after the formation of a pair of green leaves.

Cuttings are also considered a successful breeding method. Cuttings are harvested in early or mid-summer. Then they are placed in moist soil, providing greenhouse conditions. It is more advisable to start transplanting into a permanent flowerpot no earlier than a year later.

Although lapageria rarely makes it to flower shops, the cost of seed is quite affordable. The species diversity of the culture is very scarce. The breeders managed to breed only a few varieties. Popular varieties among florists include Albiflora with delicate creamy inflorescences and Nesh Kurt with pink flowers.

Diseases and pests

The main threat to Lapageria is aphids. It often accumulates on young stems. It is possible to remove insects with the help of chemical preparations. However, chemical treatment is safer to carry out on the balcony. Outdoor specimens are sprayed from aphids at the first sign of infection. A flower that is sick with aphids and grown in an apartment is cured with garlic tincture.

The garden method of breeding lapageria is sometimes accompanied by external attacks from the side of snails. These pests will only have to be dealt with manually. As practice shows, it is practically impossible to cope with them by other methods.

If you are guided by the advice of experienced florists, taking care of the lapager will not cause serious trouble.


Lapagheria pink

It is one of the most attractive climbing plants, it is recommended for growing in greenhouses, it is also excellent for growing as a pot plant. Homeland - Chile. It grows slowly, reaching a height of 180cm, blooming with original bells up to 7.5cm all year round. Leaves are oval, bright, dark green, 7-15cm long, hard and waxy to the touch.

All year round, original fleshy bells up to 7.5 cm long, white and bright pink, almost red in summer, appear on the Lapageria, which appear throughout the year. The most popular are specimens with white and pink flowers; many new hybrids are also known, differing in various colors of flowers: from cream and pale pink to reddish.

Propagated by seeds and cuttings. Fresh seeds are thoroughly cleaned from the fruit pulp, as it contains substances that inhibit germination (germination inhibitors). The seeds that have been stored require stratification. They are soaked in warm water for 3 days, changing the water 3-5 times a day. Then it is stratified for 1-3 months at a temperature of 4 ° C, after which it is germinated for 1-3 months at 20 ° C. Seeds are sown in humus-rich sandy soil, 2-3 pieces per pot. They usually germinate within 6 weeks at a temperature of 17-20 ° C.

Prefers a bright location (in the heat, it should be shaded from direct sunlight and constantly monitor the moisture content of the soil: the roots should not lack moisture). The plant does not tolerate lime, so you should take water for irrigation, which has been kept at room temperature and grown in acidic soil. Top dressing should be carried out from April to August, once a week apply fertilizer for indoor plants, once a month it is necessary to feed with microelements.

Lapagheria cannot stand dry air. Refresh the atmosphere with frequent sprays and ventilate the room.

In winter, they are kept at a minimum temperature of 7 ° C. Once a year, in early spring, the plant is transplanted into a wide and deep pot, trying not to damage the root system (the plant has powerful and voluminous roots), which is very sensitive to injury. In a pot it reaches up to 1.8 m in height, so a special support should be made around which the plant will be twisted in the future.


Gift to Josephine

A resident of the impenetrable rainforests on the western slopes of the Andes, Lapageria rosea is rightfully chosen as the national flower of Chile, where it is known as Copihue. Pink Lapageria (Chilean Bellflower) - is one of the most beautiful flowering lianas.

Napoleon's wife Josephine was very fond of flowers. In the botanical garden in Malmaison, by her order, at the beginning of the 19th century, a collection of rare plants was collected, mainly from Central and South America. This rare plant was included in the collection of Josephine in 1802, the Chilean beauty was presented to the Empress by the Spaniards, who gave her the name in honor of Josephine de la Pagerie (Empress nee).

Today this vine is considered one of the most beautiful climbing plants. Everything is beautiful in it: both dark green leathery leaves, and large numerous bright crimson drooping bell flowers emerging from the axils of the leaves.

A resident of the impenetrable rainforests on the western slopes of the Andes, Lapageria rosea is rightfully chosen as the national flower of Chile, where it is known as Copihue. Pink Lapageria (Chilean Bellflower) - is one of the most beautiful flowering lianas.

Napoleon's wife Josephine was very fond of flowers. In the botanical garden in Malmaison, by her order, at the beginning of the 19th century, a collection of rare plants was collected, mainly from Central and South America. This rare plant was added to Josephine's collection in 1802.

Lapagheria grows well both in greenhouses and in indoor conditions. Despite the fact that it grows slowly, however, often the length of the shoots reaches 180 cm, so it needs a special support, like allamanda. The plant can bloom all year round. Thanks to the diligence of breeders, many hybrids have been bred today, differing in color from cream to reddish flowers. Plants with white and pink flowers are considered the most popular specimens.

Lapagheria grows in a well-lit place; in the heat, protection from direct sunlight is necessary. Watering should be abundant, with settled water at room temperature, preventing the soil from drying out. The soil needs fertile, without lime admixtures, preferably acidic with a pH of 5.5-6.5. Good drainage is also necessary.

The plant requires increased air humidity, since it does not tolerate dry air. It is necessary to often ventilate the room where the lapageria is located, avoiding drafts and spray more often.

Winter content - at a temperature of +7 ° C (minimum).

Fertilize lapagheria from April to August once a week with fertilizer for flowering plants.

No cropping required. The transplant is carried out every year, in the spring, trying not to damage the root system.

The plant propagates by cuttings. Cuttings are cut in the summer and planted in small flowerpots, kept at a temperature of + 16 + 18 ° C. Next spring it will be possible to land on a permanent place.

Reproduction by seeds is also possible. They must be pre-soaked for 3 days in warm water, changing the water 3 - 5 times a day, then stratified for 1 - 3 months at a temperature of +4 ° C. It is best to sow 2 to 3 seeds per pot, in humus-rich sandy soil in a warm greenhouse. Seeds germinate within 1 to 3 months at + 22 ° C.

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Gloxinia seeds by mail

I offer seeds of gloxinia own pollination.
Seeds are sent in zip bags by registered mail throughout Russia

I also send to Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Israel, etc. (Near and Far Abroad).

The number of seeds can be any at the request of the customer. I can also make a MIXTURE of different seed numbers.

Seeds from every pollination tested for germination (80-95% depending on the variety). Also in winter, I tested the seeds for frost resistance. Earlier I asked other collectors who send seeds by mail and they told me that seeds can be sent all year round. But I decided to make sure of this myself, and for 15 days I kept the test tube with seeds on the street (behind the window), then I sowed the seeds - they sprouted for 6-7 days. So it is true that the seeds are not afraid of frost (in those days of testing, our temperature was from -21 to -26 C).

Seedlings grown from seeds may either repeat the parental color or not exactly resemble the parents (to a greater or lesser extent repeat the color), and there is also a high probability of obtaining new varied colors.

Separately, I want to emphasize that seeds from self-pollination of the same variety absolutely do not guarantee that the seedlings will completely repeat the parental color, self-pollinated seeds only give greater chance to this (in comparison with the seeds that were re-pollinated to another variety), so some of these seedlings can completely repeat the parental color, some may look a little like the parent, or they may even get completely different colors. From the photos of the flowering seedlings sent by the customers, I see that seedlings from Avanti "Pure white", Avanti "Red with white border" and Avanti "Burgundy lilac with white border", as well as from Calico Raspberry and Linda (all pollinated by themselves).

Seeds from the following parent pairs and self-fertilization are ready for shipment: Read more


Apricot - a fruit tree

Orange sweetness with dark freckles, strewn with a thick carpet on the ground under a huge tree - such a picture appears in the mind's eye at the word "a6ricos"

In the days of our childhood, there was no fruit that was more abundant and widespread - in the field and on the street there is a wild game, in the yard and in the garden "kolirovka" - we were literally surrounded by many different varieties and varieties of apricot. Jam, jam, drying, compote - from summer to summer, our usual and favorite taste accompanied us.

Today, applying the necessary agrotechnical techniques and modern preparations for plant protection, each family can grow an apricot on their plot and enjoy the fruits of this wonderful culture. Plant an apricot tree and your years will last!

Useful properties of apricot

The orange color of the fruit indicates a high content of carotene (provitamin A), therefore, apricot in all types is indispensable in baby food as a stimulator of the growth and development of muscle tissue; its regular consumption helps to increase immunity and longevity.

Phosphorus and magnesium improve brain function, strengthen memory, iron and potassium enhance hematopoiesis, are indicated in diseases of the cardiovascular system, as a source of potassium while taking diuretics.

Fruits improve digestion, stimulate intestinal peristalsis, serve as a mild laxative, relieve dry cough, normalize blood pressure, are sure to be included in the menu of patients of cardiological hospitals and sanatoriums, pregnant women, weakened and malnourished patients, workers of nuclear power plants and other facilities associated with radiation hazards, as well as used after the application of radiation therapy in oncology.

Apricot is the most powerful antioxidant that effectively removes radionuclides and heavy metal salts.

Kernels of seeds, even of cultivated varieties, are bitter - they, like almonds, taste like amygdalin and hydrocyanic (cyanic) acid. In the body, combining with potassium, these substances form the strongest poison - potassium cyanide.

The presence of amygdalin, hydrocyanic acid and their derivatives in products can be determined by the characteristic "smell of bitter almonds". Unripe seeds of apricot and bitter almonds usually do not have an unpleasant taste, but the content of toxic substances in them is no less than when fully ripe. If you are not sure whether the apricot or almond kernels are sweet, it is best not to eat them.

Apricot - a fruit tree

Apricot belongs to the Rosaceae family. The genus apricot unites 12 species, of which only the common apricot is used in fruit growing. The rest are used in breeding as donors of weak growth, drought resistance and other traits.

Common apricot trees are powerful, 5-14 m high, with developed skeletal branches and a wide-round crown, ovoid leaves, flowers 14-35 mm in diameter with pink or white petals. Fruits from light yellow to dark orange, round, oval, ovoid, weighing 5-90 g, ripening from mid-June to late September.

The root system is very developed, often three times the diameter of the crown, the taproot on marginal and dry soils is able to penetrate to a depth of 10 m. From the seeds (seeds) of wild apricot, seedlings are grown that serve as the most drought and frost-resistant stock for apricot, peach, cherry plum , plum, which is undemanding to soil fertility, withstands increased lime content and partial soil salinization.

However, not all varieties of grafted crops are compatible with it, therefore, you should carefully select a variety-root combination.

Young apricot trees grow very actively, growth is predominantly apical (apical), therefore, their formation must be taken seriously. All methods are good here. Some of the shoots can be pinched in order to achieve branching in the right place, overgrown ones - bend back in time, then they will lay a flower bud and next year they will bear extra fruits - removed with a green fragment.

Such a plant bears a harvest the next year after planting, but if you do dry (winter) pruning from the first year, the trees greatly outgrow and fruiting is postponed for 4-5 years. We begin to use the pruner only from the moment when, due to the heavy load of the crop, the annual growth becomes less than 40 cm, which usually happens in the 5-6th year after planting.

When overgrowing trees, if the bending of the branches does not give the expected effect, we carry out the summer shortening of the shoots. In late May or early June, when the green shoots reach more than 0.5 m in length, we shorten them by a third. Until the end of the growing season, 2-4 young branches 15-30 cm long will grow on each, and flower buds are laid on them.

There are enough sources of infection in every garden. During flowering, insects carry not only pollen, but also fungal spores - a whole range of diseases, the most harmful of them is moniliosis... Spores fall on the stigma of the pistil, germinate together with the pollen into the ovary and instantly spread throughout the plant. It turns out that the more a branch or an entire tree blooms, the more they are affected.

Generative (flower) buds on apricot are formed on bouquet twigs, spurs and annual shoots of various lengths - this feature is currently used very rarely. The thing is that the main flowering on spurs and bouquet twigs occurs early, and, as nature has arranged, at this time there is usually a weather that cannot be called anything other than disgusting: at a low positive temperature and a strong gusty wind, that whether light rain, or a large fog.

To awaken the spores, a temperature above 4 ° C is sufficient and the presence of drip moisture in such conditions, the disease grows like an avalanche - all flowers can die overnight.

Annual (stepson's) shoots bloom 10-14 days later. By this time, the weather usually improves, on dry and warm days, the reproduction of mushrooms stops, the fruits are massively set, and we get a bountiful harvest, however, 5-7 days later. Occasionally the weather spoils us, the main flowering goes well, but re-flowering on annual shoots still occurs, and then the plants bear fruit for two weeks longer.

Another thing is also important. The apricot does not have a long period of physiological rest. In the second half of winter, more often in February, prolonged thaws occur, when its buds, especially flower buds, wake up and start growing. They are damaged by returning frosts, and even frost-resistant varieties in this case are defenseless against the cold.

However, flower buds located on annual shoots obtained by us as a result of summer pruning do not have time to wake up, are not damaged by frost and bring a long-awaited harvest.

Pruning apricot trees

We do summer pruning not only on young, but also on mature fruit-bearing trees. There is not always a good growth here, you have to cut for two or three-year-old wood, but the second wave of growth still gives us annual shoots.

This method of guaranteed harvesting was proposed by P.G.Shit almost 100 years ago. The great scientist-fruit grower then worked in the Crimea, and the problem of preserving the apricot harvest was especially urgent. Summer pruning allows you to correct formation defects, get branching, load the plant with a crop in the first years after planting.

On apricot trees, a sparse-tiered formation is used. In the first tier, three skeletal branches are laid, every 40-50 cm - subsequent ones. Such a formation allows you to get a strong skeleton of a powerful tree, in the future it is convenient to climb to the upper part of the crown for pruning and harvesting fruits.

Industrial apricot plantations are laid according to the 7x5m scheme. On a personal plot, you can plant more densely, but only with an early load of crops, which helps to restrain the growth of the tree and reduces its size.

To protect the future crop, chemical treatments must be carried out in the fall. We do this in mid-November, when some of the leaves are still on the trees. A 2% Bordeaux liquid gives excellent results. It is not washed by precipitation, does not expel after frost and perfectly protects plants from the development of fungal diseases.

At the same time, such processing brightens the trees, they heat up less in the sun, which allows them to avoid the appearance of frost cracks and reduces the provoking effect of thaws.

In the spring, we repeat the treatment at the beginning of the swelling of the kidneys. Before flowering or immediately after it, it is advisable to spray with a systemic preparation, preferably topaz. A complex of protective measures relieves the garden from infection and ensures an annual harvest.

Apricot varieties

Having tested many varieties over the years of our professional activity, we have chosen two most suitable ones.

Petrel - a variety of medium ripening. Large, round, bright orange fruits with an intense burgundy blush, brightly colored juicy, sweet, aromatic pulp, easily separated small stone with a sweet core. A high-yielding, fairly disease-resistant, frost-resistant variety, which is the main supplier of gourmet medicinal products for our family.

Pineapple - early ripening. Very large, oblong in shape with lobules clearly separated by a longitudinal groove, light yellow fruits, practically without blush, with high palatability, tender juicy pulp and an easily separated medium-sized pit with a sweet core. In terms of yield, it is inferior to Petrel, but the unique taste of the fruits of this variety does not allow you to refuse it.


Popular varieties of pears

It is difficult to determine the best pear variety. There are a huge number of hybrids on the market, each of which has its own merits. When buying seedlings, pear varieties are chosen that are cultivated in a specific region. It will take a long time to describe all varieties of pears that give a good harvest. Let's focus on the most popular ones.

Permyachka

Perm is a tall variety of pears that produces large fruits. The crown has a rounded shape. The average weight of a ripe fruit is 150 g. In fruitful years, fruits weighing 270 g are formed. The average yield is 30 kg. Under unfavorable conditions, the pear is small and hard.

On the surface of the fruit, which resembles a cone, ribbing is pronounced, there are tubercles. The rind is colored yellow with orange circles resembling blush. The inside of the fruit is white. The structure of the juicy pulp is fine-grained. Perm has no sour taste. The crop ripens in late summer or early spring.

Growing features

Pear variety Permyachka is not self-pollinated. It is planted next to pollinators, which are used as other varieties of pears or fruit trees. An excellent pollinator is the Jeanne Dark hybrid. Also, insects are attracted to the site, which pollinate the plants.

2-year-old seedlings are chosen for planting. Fortified plants are planted both in autumn and spring. A tall hybrid bears fruit in 2-3 years after planting.

Exhibition

Hybrid variety of pear Vystavochnaya is the result of the work of breeders from Moldova. The advantage of a late-ripening hybrid is large-fruited. The average weight of a ripe fruit with an asymmetric shape varies from 250 to 300 g. The exhibition pear is not small, but not large either. On its surface, there are tubercles and ribbing. The thin, glossy peel is yellow-green with a slight blush.

The hybrid is appreciated for its juicy and sweet pulp, colored white with a creamy shade, it has a sweet and sour taste.

Growing features

The hybrid is winter hardy and suitable for growing in almost any region of the country. It is resistant to some diseases, for example, to scab, but preventive treatments are still needed.

Bere Moskovskaya

The pear variety Bere Moskovskaya is medium-sized. Its crown takes on the shape of a ball during formation. Fruit weight is 90-100 g. Fruiting is amicable and stable. The skins of asymmetrical fruits are light yellow; red blush is not always present. Juicy buttery pulp with a sweet and sour taste is colored white. Fruit ripening occurs at the beginning of autumn.

Growing features

Bere Moskovskaya is easy to care for. It is resistant to rot, scab and other diseases affecting fruit crops. The hybrid is frost resistant. The harvest is harvested before the skin of the fruit turns yellow. After harvest, they give 4-5 days for ripening.

The disadvantage of this pear variety is the short storage period. Fruits are stored in a cold place for no more than 1.5 months.

Augustine

Fruits can be stored for a long time

The Augustinka hybrid has good keeping quality. A medium-sized type of pear grows to a height of no more than 3 m. The crown is most often formed in the form of a wide pyramid. The formation of the crown less often occurs in the form of a ball.

The fruits, wide at the base, weigh from 250 to 400 g. Their average yield is 30 kg. The rind is yellow, with a crimson blush. Juicy white pulp has a fine-grained structure, medium density. According to the description, the fruit has a sourness and nutmeg aroma.

Growing features

This pear variety begins to bear fruit in the 5th year after planting. The medium-sized Augustinka is resistant to all diseases affecting fruit crops, and tolerates temperature changes well. When planting, choose the western, southwestern or southern part of the site. In the northern and northwestern parts of the garden, the hybrid does not grow well. This is due to the fact that Augustine is a light-loving plant.

The hybrid is self-pollinating, but with pollinators nearby, yields increase.

Delight

The pear variety Uslada is valued for its high frost resistance and keeping quality. Ripe fruits are stored for 70-75 days. The weight of even fruits of a round or rounded-conical shape varies from 150 to 170 g. This is far from the best yield inherent in hybrids, but Uslada gives a stable harvest regardless of climatic conditions.

There is no ribbing on the fruit. The smooth skin is colored green-yellow with a red blush. Subcutaneous points are pronounced. The rough skin covers the white juicy pulp with a sweet and sour taste.

Growing features

A semi-dwarf tree forms a compact crown during growth, which makes it possible to plant seedlings next to each other. Frost resistance allows you to grow a hybrid even in the northern regions.

Tyutchevskaya

Tyutchevskaya pear is an early autumn hybrid. Tall trees have an oval crown. The weight of ripe fruits is 130-150 g. When harvested, the skin of medium density is colored green. In 2-4 days after harvest, the skin turns yellow, which indicates full ripening of the fruit.

The fruit has a slight blush and green subcutaneous dots. The dense juicy pulp is white with a greenish tinge, the structure is fine-grained. The taste is sweet, sourness is present. Fruit retains its presentation during transportation.

Growing features

The hybrid is recommended for cultivation in the central and southern parts of the country. It does not differ in frost resistance, therefore, in the northern regions it gives a poor harvest and is often sick. The hybrid is scab resistant.

Lucas

Lucas hybrid obtained by French breeders. The pulp of the fruit has a weight of 150-200 g, it is fine-grained and harsh. Fruits are suitable for canning and making sweet dishes. The thin peel of a tasty, but tart pear is greenish-yellow in color, there are numerous subcutaneous points. The shape of the fruit is pear-shaped, the blush is point-like. The hybrid is appreciated for keeping quality.

Growing features

The tree needs to be well looked after

Lucas is suitable for growing in warm climates. It is not resistant to many diseases, so preventive treatments must be carried out. Another variety is affected by parasitic insects, the most dangerous of which is the pear caterpillar (pear peacock eye). With proper care, the fruit crop produces a stable harvest.

Deccan du Comis

From the name of the pear variety, it is easy to determine its French origin. A medium-sized tree produces aromatic pears, which are appreciated for their high taste. Sweet fruits have an oval-oblong shape, which is unusual for this culture. The weight of the fruits varies from 180 to 250 g. The thin skin with numerous subcutaneous punctures is yellow, with a red-orange blush. The texture of the juicy pulp, colored white, creamy. In a cold place, the shelf life of fruits is 5-6 months.

To improve the taste of the culture, it is grafted onto quince.

Growing features

The Comis hybrid needs a warm climate and a lot of moisture, which makes it difficult to care for the fruit crop. At a temperature of 30 ° C and below, the tree dies. Fruit culture is not exposed to scab; other diseases are treated with preventive treatments. The Comis hybrid needs pollinators.

Talitsa

Talitsa is a hybrid of domestic selection, the advantage of which is a high growth rate. It belongs to the pyramidal varieties of pears, it needs the formation of a crown. Pears of this variety are small. Their average weight is 90 g.

The fruits are not pear-shaped, but apple-shaped, there is no ribbing and tuberosity. The dense skin is light yellow, there is no blush. Large subcutaneous points are pronounced. The fruit has an interesting sweet and sour taste that includes honey notes.

Growing features

Talitsa is frost-resistant. Ripe fruits must be harvested. The ripening period falls in mid-August. If not harvested on time, the crop begins to crumble. The hybrid gives its first crop at the age of 5 years. Talitsa is highly resistant to scab and moderately resistant to spotting of leaf blades.

Muratovskaya

A popular variety is the Muratovskaya pear variety, bred by domestic breeders. A medium-sized tree has a pyramidal shape. The weight of pear-shaped fruits varies from 120 g to 140 g. Ribbing is present.

Delicate thin skin, covering the fragrant pulp, is yellow in color with a golden sheen. During technical maturity, it has a green-yellow color. There is a slight blush and thin longitudinal red stripes. The creamy pulp has a sweet and sour taste.

Growing features

A distinctive feature of the Muratov hybrid is early maturity. He has an average resistance to disease. With proper care, it gives a good harvest even in lean years.

Platonovskaya

The variety is appreciated for its taste.

Platonic pear is an early autumn domestic hybrid. The weight of small fruits, covered with a green-yellow smooth dense skin, varies from 160 to 250 g. The shape of delicious pears of this variety is apple-shaped, ribbing is present. If the sun falls on the fruit during ripening, a slight blush appears. Juicy, aromatic pulp with a creamy texture is appreciated for its taste. The hybrid is classified as a dessert variety.

Growing features

The hybrid is frost resistant and immune to many diseases. It is undemanding to soils. To get high yields, the plant should be fertilized annually.

Platonic pear begins to bear fruit 3 years after planting.

Zolotovorotskaya

Golden Rotary Pear is a winter hybrid derived from wild pear and quince. In height Zolotovorotskaya grows up to 4 m. Accordingly, it is a medium-sized garden culture. The advantage of the Zolotovorskaya pear variety is its early maturity. The hybrid gives the first crop 3-4 years after planting. The culture bears fruit for 18-20 years.

Large bergamot-shaped fruits have juicy sweet and sour pulp. There is an almond flavor.

Fruit weight - from 240 to 330 g. After ripening, the green color of a thin, smooth peel turns into light yellow. There are pronounced subcutaneous points. The texture of the pulp is creamy. The golden pear is inferior to other hybrids in terms of its presentation, but it tolerates transportation well.

Growing features

Zolotovorskaya pear belongs to frost-resistant varieties. The hybrid needs fertile soils. He is picky about humidity and sunlight. It is grown in the central part of Russia. The tree needs shaping and thinning.

Patten

Patten is a hybrid of American selection. The advantage of the Patten pear variety is its early maturity. Seedlings give their first harvest 4 years after planting. The hybrid is medium-sized. Fruit weight is 200-300 g. Fruits are leveled, have a standard pear-shaped shape, ribbing is absent.

The juicy pulp of the pear is covered with a glossy yellow skin. At the stage of technical maturity, the color of the rind of medium density is yellow-green. There is a slight blush on the sides of the fruit. There are small subcutaneous points. The pulp is fragrant, there is no sourness.

Growing features

The variety will delight you with its yield

Patten is not a frost-hardy species. It is grown in the suburbs and regions of Russia with a similar climate. The hybrid is scab resistant. It is appreciated for its abundant fruiting and large-fruited

Tyoma is a domestic hybrid. Its feature is its high growth rate. The tree is tall, the shape can be round or pyramidal. Ripe fruits weigh from 150 to 200 g. With mass fruiting, the weight of the fruit decreases by 50-70 g. The weight of the largest specimens is 390-400 g. Asymmetric fruits are more like apples in shape. The rind is yellow. Fruits exposed to direct sunlight become multi-colored due to a slight orange blush. Subcutaneous points are present.

The pulp is juicy, white, and has a fine-grained structure. Fragrant pears Theme are delicious and sweet, there is sourness in the taste. Harvested in the first half of September. Fruit is consumed 4-5 days after harvest.

Growing features

This pear is frost-resistant. The crown of the hybrid The theme is medium thickened, therefore it does not need frequent thinning. The hybrid does not get scab, but is often attacked by pests.

Summer, autumn and winter varieties

The types of pears are determined, depending on keeping quality. There are autumn, winter and summer hybrids. According to the description of summer pear varieties, the fruit is suitable for fresh consumption and conservation. They are not suitable for long-term storage. Autumn hybrids are stored for several months, winter ones are decaying fruits. They are suitable for long-term storage.

  • Of the summer noteworthy are Space, Spring, Melting, Favorite Klappa (Favorite), Irista, Ruddy cedrine, Isolde, Sweet iz Mliyeva, Radiant, Petrovskaya, Early June, July, Imrud Bartlett, Zorka, Duchesse (Duchess, Limon, Trapeznitsa) Veselinka, Tonkovotka Ural, Severyanka red-cheeked, Astrakhan early, Autumn Susova, Julia, Sibiryachka, Ilyinka, Sugar, Lagodnaya, Pervenets, Fairy tale (fairy tale). Melting and Favorite Clappa have excellent taste.
  • Of the mid-season autumn, the popular are Silva, Uralochka, Krasnobokaya, Goverla, Guidon, General Leclerc, Samara beauty (bred by specialists from the Zhigulevsky Gardens Research Institute), Vrodliva, Nadezhda of the steppe, Flute, Anna's masterpiece, Elegant Efimova, Selyanka, Pamyatnaya , Dobryanka, Wedding, Festival, Nugget, Chusovaya, Margarita Marilya (Margot), Dalikor, Kuyumskaya, Sentyabrina, Deanca du Comis, General Kirponos, Christina, Margarita Marilya, Crimean honey, Potapovskaya, Myth, Saphira, Quiet Don, Dawn, Admiral Gervais, Triumph of Pakgam, Deveaux, Autumn dream, Cupid's daughter, Olga, Forest beauty or Forest queen, Bere Alexandra, Gift to the centenary.
  • Winter hybrids are suitable for long-term storage. Popular are the Zest of Crimea, Saratovka, Pass Krassan, Josephine Mechelnaya, New Year's, Striyskaya, Katyusha, Xenia, Amphora, Emerald, Nart, Yuzhanka, Yablunivskaya, Corolla, Kucheryanka, Lyubava, February, Cinderella, Malvina, Natzyanaya Mliyevskaya Trubetskoy, Raketa, Fieriya, Kyrgyz winter, Yuryevskaya, Saint Germain, Krasnokutskiy gift, Winter cuboid, Snow Queen, Sretenskaya, Maisyan.

There are new hybrids that have not had time to establish themselves on the market. These include Shatlyk (Bashkir selection).

Other features of varieties

A whimsical hybrid to care for is Red Anjou. The skin of its large fruits is colored red, and the blush of the fruit is burgundy. The fruits themselves are unusually fragrant.

A high-yielding variety Nikolai Kruger needs crown formation. Average palatability, but stable yield in the pear variety with the unusual name Emmanuel. The hybrids Vostorg, Berezhnaya, Zamenaya, Jurate, Bulb, Sultan, Bera, Paskhalnaya, Berezhenaya, Pears Nashi (pier Neshi), Rukuba, Yasochka, Lakomka, Tsarskaya, Ostrovityanka, Kuibyshevskaya golden are also distinguished by amicable fruiting and stable yields.

In regions with a cold climate, Taiga pear, Dekabrinka, Autumn Dream, Novella, General Totleben, a hybrid of Somov, Institutskaya, Melitopol juicy give a high yield. The medium-sized garden culture Artemovskaya is well adapted to the climate of Russia. Unpretentious to care for is the Memorable, Willow pear and ordinary.

Of the undersized varieties of pears, the Grand Champion, beautiful Rossoshanskaya, deserve attention. Dwarf pears are fast-growing. They give a harvest already 3-4 years after planting. A dwarf pear of any variety is easier to care for than a medium or tall tree.

The pearl among the undersized pears is the self-pollinating Veles. Of the unusual varieties, the Sekui hybrid (Sekue) attracts attention. Self-pollinated hybrids are easy to grow. The most popular are Rix, Rogneda (fruits have a purple hue), Banquet, Tenderness.

Not all imported seedlings take root in the garden. It is better to buy a seedling grown in a nursery in any region of Russia. As a rootstock for horticultural crops, quince or shaggy pear culture is suitable.

Conclusion

The variety of varieties allows you to choose the one that is ideal for growing in a particular region, climate, soil. The choice of a variety also depends on the personal taste preferences of the gardener and his willingness to properly and timely care for the crop.

Common pear


Common pear grows in deciduous forests of Central and Eastern Europe, also found in Asia Minor.
The most extensive species of pear, which until recently occupied a wide range from the Atlantic coast to Xinjiang. At present, the range of the species has significantly decreased due to the fact that the Caucasian and Central Asian forms were isolated as independent species.
Common pear is one of the main species that took part in the formation of the cultural European assortment of pears.
Against the background of other species, the common pear is distinguished by its longevity. In forest communities, its life expectancy is 100–120 years. And if there is no oppression from other breeds, it can live up to 150-200 years.
The flowers are large, with petals of various shapes, the columns are pubescent at the base. Fruits are spherical, oval, pear-shaped or obtuse-cone-shaped, yellow or green-yellow in color, unrusty or with rusty spots and numerous light dots. The pulp is juicy, white or creamy white, with a large number of stony cells, has a tart sweet and sour taste.

It is assumed that the origin of cultivated pear varieties is associated with the hybridization of a number of species. Currently, there are thousands of varieties of pears. Summer fruits ripen in the second half of August - early September, are stored until October, autumn ones, ripening in September, can lie for up to 30 days. Winter varieties are harvested at the end of September, but they can be stored until January.

Ilya Muromets (Winter consumption period)

Winter hardy. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is flat and thin.
Fruits weighing 50 g, bergamot-like, smooth, greenish-yellow with a slight brownish-red blush on the smaller part of the fruit. Subcutaneous dots are gray, hardly noticeable. There is no funnel, no rustiness. The saucer is missing. The pulp is white, prickly, juicy. The taste is sweet and sour with a medium aroma. Tasting score 4.3 points.
Begins fruiting in the 3rd year after planting. Fruiting is stable.
The variety is zoned for the Central region of Russia and is suitable for growing in the weather conditions of this region.

Originator: State Scientific Institution All-Russian Institute of Selection and Technology of Horticulture and Nursery

Cathedral (Summer grade)

Variety of selection of the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazeva. Obtained from crossing seedlings 32-67 (Theme x Forest Beauty) and 72-43 (Duchess Bedro x Forest Beauty). Recommended for growing in the northwestern zone of the region.
A tree of medium vigor. Crohn of regular conical shape, medium density.
Fruits are below average or medium size (100-120 g), one-dimensional, regular pear-shaped. The surface of the fruit is bumpy, the color is light yellow, with a faint blurred red blush on the smaller part of the fruit. The pulp is white, medium density, semi-oily, juicy, sweet and sour, with a pleasant taste. The fruits are consumed fresh and used for processing.
The variety begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting. It blooms in late May, the fruits ripen in early August.
The yield is high and annual. The collected fruits are stored for no more than 8-12 days, in the refrigerator - up to 30 days.
The winter hardiness of the variety is high. Scab resistant.

Red-sided (Autumn variety)

Variety of selection of the South Ural NIIPOiK. Obtained by crossing the varieties Tenderness and Yellow-fruited. Recommended for growing in the northeastern zone of the region.
The tree is of medium vigor, characterized by strong growths at a young age, with the beginning of fruiting, growth dies out sharply. The crown is round, rare.
Fruits are medium in size (about 130 g, maximum - up to 180 g), one-dimensional, regular pear-shaped. The surface of the fruit is smooth, greenish-yellow in color, with a beautiful raspberry blush on the smaller part of the fruit. The pulp is very juicy, tender, slightly melting, good taste. The main purpose of the fruit is fresh consumption. The variety begins to bear fruit in the 4-5th year after planting. It blooms in late May, the fruits ripen in the second half - late September.
The yield of the variety is high and annual. The harvested fruits are stored for 30 to 90 days.
Winter hardiness is high. Resistant to scab and pear gall mites.

Lada (Summer variety)

The variety was obtained by S.P. Potapov at the Moscow Agricultural Academy K.A. Timiryazeva by crossing the parental varieties Olga and Lesnaya krasavitsa. Recommended for growing in the south-east, north-and south-west zones of the region.
A tree of medium vigor. The crown is conical, of medium density. Fruiting on ringlets, twigs, spears, 1-year growth in the 3-5th year. Productivity 25-30 kg per tree. Scab resistance is good.
Fruits are below average size (100-110 g), regular, obovate. The surface of the fruit is smooth, light yellow in color, sometimes with an attractive light red blurred blush. The pulp is yellowish-white, medium juiciness, fine-grained, sour-sweet, with a weak aroma, excellent taste. The fruits are consumed fresh and used for processing.
Fast-growing variety. It blooms in late May, the fruits ripen in mid-August, do not crumble.
The yield is high and regular. The collected fruits are stored for no more than 2 weeks, in the refrigerator - up to 2 months. The winter hardiness of the variety is high.

Larinskaya (Autumn variety)

Variety of selection of the South Ural NIIPOiK. Obtained from crossing the selected seedling of the Ussuri pear 41-15-9 with the variety Lyubimitsa Klappa. Recommended for growing in the northeastern zone of the region.
The tree is vigorous, fast-growing. Crohn of irregular shape, medium density.
Fruits are medium-sized (about 110 g, maximum - up to 140 g), short-pear-shaped. The surface of the fruit is bumpy, the color is light yellow. The pulp is creamy, dense, juicy, fine-grained, sweet and sour, and has a pleasant taste. The fruits are good for fresh consumption, as well as for processing into compotes, juices, dried fruits.
The variety begins to bear fruit in the 5th year after planting. Blooms in late May; fruits ripen in early September.
The yield is very high and regular. Fruits are stored for 1.5-2 months.
Winter hardiness of the variety is high, average drought resistance. Resistant to major fungal diseases and pear gall mite.

Lyra (Early winter consumption period)
A hybrid of Bere Zimnaya and Lesnaya Krasavitsa varieties.
Winter hardy. The tree is large with a broad-pyramidal crown of medium density.
Fruits weighing 140 g, elongated pear-shaped, light yellow with a pink blush on the smaller part of the fruit. The pulp is white, prickly, fine-grained, very juicy. The taste is sweet with a slight sourness. The fruits are consumed until the end of December.
Average yield 71 kg / ha.
The variety is zoned for the Central region of Russia and is suitable for growing in the weather conditions of this region.

Originator: State Scientific Research Institute of Breeding of Fruit Crops

Muscovite (Autumn variety)

Variety of selection of the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev. Obtained from seedlings from free pollination of the Kieffer variety. Recommended for cultivation in the southwestern zone of the region.
A tree of medium vigor. The crown is conical, dense.
Fruits of medium size (125 g), wide pear-shaped. The surface of the fruit is often very rusty, the color is greenish-yellow, the blush is absent or very weak. The pulp is white, dense, very juicy, semi-oily, with granulations near the heart, good sweet and sour taste, with a strong aroma. Fruits for universal use. The chemical composition of fruits: dry matter - 16.2%, sugars - 9.5%, acids - 0.48%, P-active substances - 220 mg / 100 g.
The variety begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting. It blooms at the end of May, the removable ripeness of the fruit comes at the end of September, consumer maturity by the middle of October.
The yield is high and regular. The harvested fruits retain good taste for 30 days, and in the refrigerator - up to 100 days.
The winter hardiness of the variety is average. Resistant to scab and fruit rot.

Elegant Efimova (Autumn grade)

Variety of selection VSTISP. Obtained from crossing the varieties Tonkovotka and Lyubimitsa Klappa. Recommended for growing in the northwestern and southeastern zones of the region.
The tree is vigorous. The crown is pyramidal, of medium density.
Fruits are of medium or below average size (70-110 g), regular elongated pear-shaped. The surface of the fruit is smooth, greenish-yellow in color, with a very impressive bright carmine blush. The pulp is whitish-creamy, dense, tender, juicy, slightly tart, quite satisfactory in taste. Fruits for universal use.
The variety begins to bear fruit in the 4-6th year after planting. It blooms at the end of May, the fruits ripen at the end of September.
The yield is high and regular. A characteristic feature of the variety is that the fruits must be removed, not allowing them to ripen on the tree. The fruits can be stored for 2-3 weeks.
The winter hardiness of the variety is quite high (at the level of Bessemyanka). In wet years it is affected by scab.

Autumn Susova (Autumn ripening period)

The winter hardiness of the variety is higher than the control variety Moskvichka. Scab damage was not noted. The tree is medium-sized, with a wide-pyramidal crown.
Fruits weighing 150 g, maximum - 250 g, wide pear-shaped, light yellow with a slight reddish-pink blush or without it. The pulp is white, juicy, dense, of good taste. Tasting assessment of fresh fruits 4.5-4.8 points.
The early maturity is above average. The average yield is more than 100 c / ha.
The variety is zoned for the Central region of Russia and is suitable for growing in the weather conditions of this region.

Originator: Susov Vladimir Ivanovich

Otradnenskaya (Autumn variety)

Variety of selection of the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazeva. Obtained by crossing the varieties Tema and Lesnaya krasavitsa. Recommended for growing in the southeastern zone of the region.
A tree of medium vigor. Crohn of irregular round-oval shape, medium density. Forms skeletal branches at an acute angle, which often break off under the weight of the fruit.
Fruits are of medium size (120-140 g), double-coconical or round in shape. The surface of the fruit is slightly ribbed, the color is yellowish-green, with a blurred, red blush on the smaller part of the fruit. The pulp is yellowish white, medium density, slightly juicy, sweet and sour, good taste. The fruits are mainly used for processing.
The variety begins to bear fruit in the 4-5th year after planting. It blooms at the end of May, the fruits ripen at the end of September.
The yield is high and regular. The collected fruits are stored for up to 30 days, in the refrigerator - up to 100-120 days.
The winter hardiness of the variety is high. Scab resistant.

In memory of Yakovlev (Early autumn variety)

The variety was bred jointly by the V.I. I.V. Michurin and Michurin State Agrarian University. Obtained by crossing the varieties Tema and Olivier de Serre. Recommended for growing in the northwestern zone of the region.
The tree is weak. The crown is round, of medium density.
Fruits are of medium size (120-140 g), wide pear-shaped. The surface of the fruit is smooth, golden-yellow in color, with a slight blush on the smaller part of the fruit. The pulp is creamy, juicy, sweet, semi-oily, with small granulations at the seed nest. The fruits are consumed fresh and used for processing.
It begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting. It blooms at the end of May, the fruits ripen at the end of September. Differs in a high degree of self-fertility.
The yield is very high, without periodicity, on average, up to 110 kg per tree are obtained. The harvested fruits are stored for up to 30 days.
The winter hardiness of the variety is high. Scab resistant.


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